Antibiotics are the most effective form of medicine against any and every possible bacterial infection. Precisely the reason why medical sciences and other streams of science, such as molecular biology, are largely dependent on antibiotics. The rush for antibiotics among people is such that the government has even permitted the availability of antibiotics without a prescription. This easy availability has shot the market with an uncanny demand-supply rise for antibiotics. On one hand, this availability has helped save a lot of lives, whilst on the other it has led to an extensive and excessive use of antibiotics, which has eventually steered towards a condition known as antibiotic resistance, meaning bacteria cells acquiring immunity against the effects of antibiotics.
The common side effects of antibiotics
Apart from the concern of antibiotics resistance. There also are their common (andpersistent) side effects that raise controversial questions and few cynical eyebrows at various different medical forums.It is fact that these side effects are minor when compared to the severity of the concerned infection. Nonetheless, when these side effect coupled with certain existing medical conditions of the patient, they could get equally threatening as the infection itself.
Antibiotic allergies: Some people, in general, are hyper-sensitive to allergies. For them (even for others,) antibiotic allergy is something, which could stand in the way of a smooth treatment process. The hypersensitivity reaction could either be something alarming or something as petty as a skin rash. Like any other allergy, precise prediction of the outcome is very difficult. Antibiotic allergy (anaphylactic reaction) could also commonly display symptoms like Shortness of breath, wheezing, vomiting, dizziness, escalating heart rate, swelling of facial features and shock/panic.
Diarrhoea:Diarrhoea is probably the most common side effect of antibiotics. Now, since the function of antibiotics is to terminate and execute bacteria cells in our body, it does so, irrespective of both harmful and friendly bacteria cells. In our body, our digestive system and the digestive enzymes benefit significantly from friendly bacteria cells. When these friendly bacteria cells are compromised, our digestion suffers, hence, the diarrhoea. In more scientific lingo, the antibiotics eradicate the gut flora (a complex community of microorganisms living in our digestive tracts,) and in turn promotes an overgrowth of infectious bacteria, like, Clostridium difficile.
Vaginal infection:Antibiotics could also kill the friendly bacteria cells in the vaginal region, leading to an over-population of the fungal species. This condition will cause a fungal infection of the vagina. Funguses like Candida albicans live in various regions of our body, including the vagina. On receiving no competition from bacteria, they start to run at large, causing infections.
Stevens Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis: These are very rare allergic side-effects of antibiotics, and are quite severe ones. Skin and mucous membrane disorder, causing rash, skin peeling, and sores on the mucous membranes, is an alarming (at times life-threatening) side effect of antibiotics.
Hence while buying antibiotics online, you must weigh in your pros and cons carefully. Additionally, alongside the above-mentioned side-effects, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, indigestion, bloating and loss of appetite are also considered as minor but common side-effects of antibiotics.